• Community Initiatives,  Heritage Under Threat,  Listed Building Spotlight,  News Update

    Modern Doors Meet Grand Architecture

    Birmingham is notable for having over 200 listed buildings…

    Birmingham’s Jewellery Quarter is full of grand listed buildings. Credit: Brian Clift [https://www.flickr.com/photos/42129133@N06/8216172261] License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/legalcode
    …whilst also being a thriving multi-cultural metropolis that has grown to be the home to well over 1 million people.

    Some buildings in the city can be dated as far back as the 18th Century and, as such, have been protected and listed. Birmingham has always been one of the most populous parts of the country. As far back as the 14th century the then town was classed as the third-largest in Warwickshire.

    Manufacture and industry has been a key to the city’s success, with huge development taking place from the 18th century to the Industrial Revolution taking us right through to present day. However, this success and relentless pace of progress has proved to be as much a blessing as a curse. In the years before the preservation of buildings was considered a serious matter, many unique structures were demolished in favour of building new factories. Although the boost that this industrial change brought to the city is undeniably positive and (some might say) necessary for its progress, it lead to Birmingham becoming a main target during the Second World War.

    The city suffered significant damage during this time, which led to a spate of new buildings rising throughout the 1950s and 1960s. Thankfully, many of Birmingham most prestigious and important buildings have survived to this day, despite many of them remaining empty or disused for years on end:

    Birmingham Moor Street Railway Station

    Birmingham Moor Street Station has been rebuilt to reflect its 20th Century heritage. [Credit: Geof Sheppard License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/legalcode]
    Although visitors from outside the city are more likely to arrive through the recently renovated Birmingham New Street station, Moor Street is the unsung hero of the three that, ironically, remains the least changed out of all them, thanks to a number of recent renovations made which combined the original with the newer station (built in 1987) restoring both buildings to a 1930s style.

    Victoria Law Court

    Birmingham’s Law Courts are still in regular use today. Credit: Tony Hisgett [https://www.flickr.com/photos/37804979@N00] License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/legalcode
    The iconic red brick that was used to build the Victoria Law Courts can be spied in public buildings all across the city and was chosen to encourage pride amongst the city’s inhabitants for the spate of changes that were taking place during the late 1800s. The building has maintained its austere Victorian feel, whilst managing to keep up to date with the times (the ‘Digital Court’ concept is currently being tested there).

    Cornwall Building

    Credit: Robin Stott [https://www.geograph.org.uk/profile/34609] License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/legalcode
    The Grade-II listed Cornwall Building can hardly go unnoticed with its impressive brick and terracotta fronting placing it firmly in the late 19th century. Although the building was unloved for a number of years, it gained its listed status in 1982 and has since been through a number of hands. Its currents owners have transformed its lofty spaces into a hub for creative minds and businesses, satisfying the demand for new office space in Birmingham. The renovation has been a careful one, with the designers ensuring that the building retains it’s original spirit whilst also adhering to proper safety regulations. Wall to ceiling glass must be properly marked out with glass manifestations and fire exit signs must be properly installed in order for this handsome building to meet modern standards.

    Perrott’s Folly

    Perrott’s Folly is said to have influenced J.R.R. Tolkien in writing The Lord of the Rings. Credit: Oosoom [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Oosoom] License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/legalcode
    There aren’t many buildings in Birmingham that are surrounded by as many myths as the eye-catching Perrott’s Folly. The 18th century tower stands 29 metres tall in Rotton Park, towering over the mostly residential properties in the nearest vicinity.

    Only rumours remain to explain why John Perrott commissioned the building. Some suggest that it was built to entertain guests, or for Perrott to survey his lands, where as other (rather romantically) hold that it offered him a view of his wife’s grave, 15 miles away.

  • Community Initiatives,  Listed Building Spotlight,  News Update

    Liverpool’s Regenerated Listed Building

    Distilleries, grand country homes and civic halls.

    Liverpool’s St. George’s Hall is one of the grandest sights in the city. Credit: MichaelDBeckwith [https://pixabay.com/en/st-georges-hall-hall-halls-room-3554686/] License: https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/legalcode
    Liverpool has a rich architectural history that is evident as soon as you step onto a platform of its iconic train station and out into a dizzying metropolitan Northern hub that is as rooted in the past as it is wilfully futuristic. The city’s heritage can be traced as far back as the Medieval age, although no physical remnants from that time remain there are a handful of streets in the Old Town that have remained more or less in the same place since that time. Travel further out into the suburbs and you’ll discover imposing Tudor and Elizabethan country estates rich with architectural delights and expansive grounds.

    Stop by these attractive listed buildings the next time you’re visiting this iconic city:

    Liverpool Lime Street Station

    Credit: DannyUK [https://pixabay.com/en/liverpool-lime-street-train-station-1340012/] License: https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/legalcode
    Originally opened in 1836, Liverpool Lime Street Station quickly became one of the most popular stations in the country, leading to extensive expansions over the years. Thanks to its historic nature and considerable size it is now the oldest grand terminus mainline station in use in the world. At the time of its construction Lime Street was the largest structure of its kind and the first station to use extensive ironwork. Regeneration work has been completed as recently as 2018, but the station still holds the same historic grandeur.

    The Black-E

    Credit: John Bradley [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Blackie_and_Arch.jpg] License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/legalcode
    The 19th Century Black-E (formerly the Blackie) was erected in 1841 as a chapel designed by the city architect Joseph Franklin. At the time the building was one of the biggest chapels of its kind in the city and accommodated nearly 2,000 worshippers every Sunday. The grand pillars which prop up the frontage are considered the largest monoliths in the country, whilst inside you’ll find such wonders as the magnificent carved pulpit, impressive balcony and extensive forecourt; it is open today as a community arts hub.

    Liverpool Gin Distillery

    Credit: Graham C99 [https://www.flickr.com/photos/schnappi/42274894531] License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/legalcode
    Opening on the 26th November 2018, the Liverpool Gin Distillery might well be a new addition to the city, but the building that it resides in has been around for a long time. Castle Street is one of the few original streets of Liverpool, named after the castle that once presided over the settlement in Medieval times. The Gin Distillery is the first of its kind in the city centre and is promised to be one of the new major attractions that tourists from across the world will flock to Liverpool to see.

    Speke Hall

    Credit: Paul Brown 67 [https://www.panoramio.com/photo/17427354] License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/legalcode
    One of the oldest buildings in Merseyside, Speke Hall was built in the mid to late 16th century and is one of the last remaining examples of a wood-framed wattle-and-daub construction in the North of England. The building is Grade I listed and considered to be of the finest surviving examples of its kind in the world. The manor house has gone through a number of restorations over the years and is open to the public all year round.

    The Bluecoat

    Credit: Reading Tom [https://www.flickr.com/photos/16801915@N06/12157489445/] License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/legalcode
    Beginning life as a school over 300 years ago, the Bluecoat is now a creative arts hub which is home to exhibitions and classes throughout the year. Its distinctive Queen Anne style architecture is unmistakably British whilst also incorporating modern flourishes that have been added over the years. Whilst the commercial centre of the city has risen around it over the last few centuries, it remains a unique architectural gem that is well worth popping in to.

  • Community Initiatives,  Heritage Under Threat,  Listed Building Spotlight,  News Update

    Listed Buildings: How They Work

    Is there a building that you’re particularly worried about?

    Buckingham Palace, a Grade I-listed building that is certainly not under threat. Credit: Wikipedia [https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/legalcode]
    If you’re worried that a certain historical building is under threat of being altered, extended or demolished then you can nominate it to be listed by the National Heritage Trust. Nominations aren’t always accepted and listing is subject to a number of principles that have been put in place by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport.

    Before you make your nomination to save your building it’s a good idea to check to see if the building is not already listed. Despite your fears for this particular place, if this building satisfies the principles laid down and adjudicated upon by the Secretary of State then there’s a good chance that the site has either already been listed or is in the process of being assessed. Head to Historic England’s complete list to find out if the building that you’re looking to save hasn’t already been listed.

    There are a number of factors that affect the Secretary of State’s decision to list or not list a building and although it might seem like some of these factors are somewhat arbitrary, it’s worth considering them from a dispassionate point view, in order not to waste your time, or that of the Amenity Societies that will be looking into the case.

    It might sound a little redundant, but your building needs to be important should you wish it to be saved. ‘Important’ can be interpreted in a number of ways, but in the terms laid out by the ‘Principles of selection for listing buildings’ this can either be via Architectural interest or Historic interest.

    Architectural Interest

    Leeds General Infirmary, a Grade I listed building that is still in constant public use. Credit: Wikipedia [https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/legalcode]
    A building may be considered important based on its architectural interest if its design, decoration or craftsmanship is of particular note. For example, perhaps your building features a particular style of period decoration that is no longer practised, or maybe it displays a certain innovation of that time that might have otherwise gone unnoticed.

    Historic Interest

    The Royal Oak in East London, a pub, was recently listed due to its characteristic 20th century architectural design. Credit: The Kray Twins Wikia [Credit: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/legalcode]
    In order for your building to be considered of historical interest it must illustrate ‘important aspects of the nation’s social, economic, cultural, or military history’. If it can’t be deemed important on these grounds then it might have a historical association with a nationally important persons such as a writer, politician or artist.

    Age and Rarity

    Holy Trinity Church in Colchester is the oldest church in the town, with parts dating back to 1020. Credit: Wikipedia [https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/legalcode]
    The older a building is, the more likely it is that it will be the last of its kind, and therefore of note. Buildings that have been built before 1700 and contain a significant section of their original structure are automatically listed. Most buildings from between 1700 to 1840 are listed, however due to the boom in construction, during this time greater selection is required. Generally speaking, no building is considered for listing that is less than thirty years old, whilst a great amount of care is needed to decide if any structure built from 1945 onwards is worthy of being listed.

    For more information on the listing process you can head to Historic England’s site.